European citizenship is marked by a tension: between a citizenship that is derivative of the nation-state and a citizenship that is defined by free movement. Approaching this tension as symptomatic of a deep-rooted contradiction between integration and mobility that is constitutive of modern social formations, this article develops a political sociology of mobility that challenges territorial and culturalist accounts of European citizenship. It does so by exploring the political enactment of European citizenship by marginalized subjects, whose engagement in relations of exchange serves as the ground for acts of European citizenship that mobilize mobility. This is illustrated by an analysis of the 2005 Declaration for the Rights of Sex Workers in Europe.
Acts of European citizenship: A political sociology of mobility. Journal of Common Market Studies