Human blacklisting: the global apartheid of the EU’s external border regime.

Over the last few years, the global face of the EU has been changing. The EU is spinning a

global border web with regard to the battle against irregular migration. At the borders of the EU,

a powerful and security-obsessed distinction between travellers is increasingly being constructed

between the travellers who `belong to’ the EU and those who do not, based on the fate of birth.

To this end, the EU has composed a so-called `white and black’ Schengen list, recently relabelled a

`positive and negative’ list, which is used as a criterion for visa applications.What is striking is that on

the negative list a significantly high number of Muslim and developing states are listed. Hence, there

is an implicit, strong inclination to use this list not only as a tool to guarantee security in physical

terms or in terms of `Western’ identity protection but also as a means of keeping the world’s poorest

out. Such global apartheid geopoliticsöloaded with rhetoric on selective access, burden, and

massesöprovokes the dehumanisation and illegalisation of the travel of those who were born in

what the EU has defined as the `wrong country’, the wastable and deportable lives from countries on

the negative list. Such unauthorised travelling is increasingly dangerous as the high death toll

suggests. It has led to a new and yet all too familiar geopolitical landscape in Europe, a scene many

of us hope to never see again in postwar Europe, a landscape of barbed wire surveillance and camps.

And hence, the EUöwhich started out as a means to produce a zone of peace and comfort ruled by

law and orderöhas now in its self-proclaimed war on illegal migrants created a border industry that

coconstructs more, not less, `illegality’, xenophobia, and fear: the EU as a global border machine.

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