The Battle against migrant (smuggling) in Canada: Is the target organized crime or irregular immigration?

Abstract: This article examines the battle against migrant trafficking in Canada from a legal standpoint. It raises various questions about the purpose of the measures and sanctions against this offence in Canada under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA). The results show a significant discrepancy between the provisions of IRPA and the practices of Canadian courts, which are also inconsistent with foreign laws, the practices of foreign courts, and the provisions of international law. These findings illustrate the need for legislative amendments.

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