Governing borders in France: From extraterritorial to humanitarian confinement.

In the western states, restrictive migration policies of the last thirty years have resulted in a change in control practices, leading to the construction of detention facilities at borders. Incarceration borders raises a significant question about human rights, issues involving the concepts of legality and legitimacy as well as the definition of new technologies of government. In France, the Origins of Border confinement demonstrate how existing administrative practices have been legalized with the adoption of “waiting zones”, new system of detention that enhanced prison conditions and the disciplinary control over inmates. For activists who claim human rights and opposing incarceration border since the mid-1970s, this development is paradoxical and gains a difficult dilemma: the rights granted by the state to travelers detained border have remained inadequate while legalization has led to the creation of new control mechanisms. The study of the border confinement involves an analysis of the paradoxes created by constant negotiations between, on one hand, an administration willing to tighten its control over the borders and, secondly, some civilian groups whose concerns include the basic rights and the legal framework of practical control. Conditions of exclusion processes of legal administration are underlined, in France, by the spreading patterns of the prison administration and the ambiguity of the law. What do these processes reveal about the evolution of government systems within systems based on liberal rights?

In Western states, restrictive migration policies over the last 30 years has entailed Have shift in the practices of control, leading to the institution of systems of detention at international borders. Containment Border Raises substantial businesses from about Fundamental rights; it Involves issues of Legality and Legitimacy, and the definition of new technologies of government. In France, the origins of border detention show how pre-existing practices of administrative detention legalized Were-through the adoption of “waiting areas,” a new diet of detention That enhanced Both terms of detention and Disciplinary control over Detainees. This development confronts human-rights activists Who Have Opposed border detention since the mid-1970s with “paradoxical gains” and a tough dilemma: the rights That Have Been Granted by the state to travelers Held at the borders are not enough, Whereas legalization HAS Opened the way for new control mechanisms. Understanding border containment Involves Analysing thesis paradoxes produced by constant negotiations Between the administration, willing to Tighten Control over borders icts, and Concerns of some civil society groups Within, willing to defend basic rights and give a legal framework to control practices. In France, the diffusion models of management of penitentiary and the Ambiguities of law That this article explored further Top draw together the requirements for Administrative Processes of legal exclusion. What do teach us about Processes Such Evolving regimes of government Within liberal rights-based systems?

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