Since the end of the Iraqi occupation in February 1991, Kuwait has embarked on a series of political and human rights reforms. Parliament has been reconstituted, a committee has been established to look into complaints of human rights violations, and steps have been taken towards the ratification of several international human rights treaties. However, the government has failed to address many human rights violations relating to the period of Martial Law immediately after the occupation. These include the detention of prisoners of conscience; torture and ill-treatment; unresolved extrajudicial executions and disappearances; manifestly unfair trials; and the increased scope of the death penalty. Although the human rights situation has now improved considerably, the fundamental rights, usually of foreign nationals and stateless persons continue to be violated.